Month: November 2022
Fujisan, also call Fujisan or Fujiyama, is also known as Fujiyama or Fuji no Yama, the highest mountain in Japan. Its height is 12,388 feet 3,776 meters close to its Pacific Ocean coast in Yamanashi and Shizuoka ken prefectures of central Honshu.
This is approximately 60 miles 100 kilometers to the west of Tokyo’s Yokohama metropolitan region. Despite remaining dormant since its last eruption in 1707, scientists still recognize it as active. In 1936, Fuji-Hakone Izu National Park established, and today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that was designate in 2013.
The mountain’s name is a mystery. An early government document, Hitachi no Kuni Fudoki 713 CE, describes it as Fuji no Yama. One theory is that the name is derive from an Ainu word that means fire and the Japanese word San, which means mountain. The Chinese ideograms kanji are now utilized to write Fuji represent the feeling of luck or wellbeing.
The present-day Japanese generally use the term Fujisan to refer to their mountain. Fujisan as opposed to Fujisan. foreigners tend to use the term Fujisan wrongly, in the form of Fujiyama. Fujiyama as it is a translation of Mount Fuji Mountain in the Japanese language.
Mount Fuji is a picturesque mountain. Thanks to its conical shape, it is popular throughout the world, and is considered to be the most holy image of Japan. For Japanese there is an emotional connection with the mountain. Every summer thousands of Japanese visit the shrine on the summit. Japanese art Perhaps not as famously than in the woodblock series prints Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji by Hokusai. They were first published between 1826 and 1833.
The Origin Of Fuji Mountain
According to legend that the volcano was create in 286 BCE following the impact of an earthquake. However, the truth is much more complicated. The time of Fuji is not clear; however, it appears to have developed over the past 2.6 million years.
This is based on a foundation that dates back to 65 million years ago. The eruptions that started and the first peak peaks are likely to have occurred around 700,000 years ago. The first predecessors of Mount Fuji were Kimitake on the mountain’s northern slope, and Ashitaka-Yama on the summit.
Mount Fuji is a stratovolcano which rose around 400,000 years ago between the summits in Komi take as well as Ashitaka-Yama. At the bottom of the current mountain are three volcanoes that have reformed over time. The oldest was Ko Fuji Old Fuji, roughly 100,000 years ago, and the newest, Shin Fuji New Fuji.
Over the millennia, Ko Fuji’s volcanic lava and ejecta covered most of Komi take while its summit protruded from the slope of Ko Fuji. Shin Fuji probably first became active around 10,000 years ago and continues to erupt and smolder occasionally. Through the years, it has added slopes to the previous eruptions, and also added the top zone, creating the mountain’s current, almost perfectly tapered shape.
The volcano’s base is approximately around 78 miles 125 km in circumference. It also is 25-30 miles 40 to 50 kilometers. On Mount Fuji, the crater spans around 1600 feet 500 metres in diameter on the surface and is lower to approximately 820 feet 250 metres. The sharp sides of the mountain, there are eight peaks, including Oshaidake Izudake, Jojudake, Komagatake Mushimatake and Kengamine. Hukusandake and Kusushidake.
Religious Significance And Tourism Of Fuji Mount
Fuji Five Lakes Fuji Goko lies on the northern slopes of Mount Fuji. These lakes comprise from east to west Lake Yamanaka, Lake Kawaguchi, Lake Sai, Lake Shoji, and Lake Motosu. All formed due to the damming effects of volcanic flows. Lake Kawaguchi is the smallest. Lake Kawaguchi, at 2,726 feet 831 meters renowned for its inverted reflection of Mount Fuji on its still waters.
The area’s tourism well-developed, including Amusement parks, botanical gardens, ski resorts and many other places to relax. Lake Yamanaka, the largest of the lakes at 2.5 square miles [6.4 square kilometers is among the most well-known resorts. The mountain is on the west side of Lake Yamanaka. The valley between Mount Fuji and Mount Kenashi is also home to numerous golf courses and other activities.
The region is awash with groundwater and streams Facilitate the workings of Paper and Chemical industries and agriculture. Cultivation of rainbow trout and dairy farming There are also other things to do. It considered sacred by one sect, known as Fujiko. It dotted with shrines and temples, with shrines situated near the edge and in the lower reaches of its crater. The climb of the mountain has for a long time been a rite of passage for the faithful. It was not popular until the year 2000. Meiji Restoration 1868 Women prohibited from climbing it.
The ascent in the beginning, people dress in the white robes of a religious pilgrim. Nowadays, hundreds of thousands of climbers and pilgrims alike visit the area every year mostly during the peak climbing season. This runs from July 1 through the 26th of August. Most climbers begin their climb late at night to climb the mountain by the time dawn comes around.
Canyon formed by the Colorado River in the high plateau region of northwestern Arizona. The Grand Canyon is famous for its stunning designs and hues. It is believed that the Grand Canyon lies in the southwest portion of the Colorado Plateau. Lava flows and horizontal rock layers cover a vast portion of the southwest United States. The vast, intricately sculpted valley of the canyon has between its walls numerous imposing mountains, buttes, ravines and gorges.
Grand Canyon Highest
It ranges in size from 175 feet 160 meters up to 18.2 miles 29 km. That is a winding path starting at the mouth of the Paria River, near Lees Ferry and along the northern border between Arizona along with Utah and Utah.
It then extends all the way to Grand Wash Cliffs, near the Nevada state line, an area of approximately 277 miles 446 km. The initial portion of the canyon from Lees Ferry to the confluence with the Little Colorado River is known as Marble Canyon. Marble Canyon is a tributary of the Colorado River and its surrounding plateaus and is part of the Grand Canyon.
The deepest parts of the Grand Canyon lie more than 1 mile some 6,800 feet 1,800 meters approximately beneath its rim. The most dramatic and deepest section, measuring 56 miles and 90 kilometers, lies within the middle part of Grand Canyon National Park. This encompasses the length of the river’s tributaries all the way from Lake Powell formed by Glen Canyon Dam in 1963 from Lake Powell formed by Glen Canyon Dam in 1963 Lake Mead formed by Hoover Dam from 1936.
The North Rim, at approximately 8,200 feet 2,500 meters above sea level, discover in 1936. sea level It is about 1200 feet 365 meters higher than the South Rim. Generally, the Canyon is red, however, each stratum or group of strata is distinct in color gray and buff, delicate pink and green, or in its deepest areas it is slate gray, brown and violet.
Geologic History Of Grand Canyon
While it’s incredible grandeur and beauty are among the main tourist attractions that make up The Grand Canyon, perhaps its most significant and compelling aspect is its timeline of Earth and the past which is apparent in the exposed rock that forms the walls of the canyon. For its extensive and deep geologic records, the Grand Canyon is the only place on Earth that can compare to it.
The canyon’s history, however, is far from complete and comprehensive. There are massive gaps in time and millions of years are not record due to the strata’s gaps. This is due to huge quantities of rocks getting remove through erosion or due to minimal or no formation of material. So, rock formations of vastly diverse ages can be separated by a thin, distinct surface, which reveals the huge gap in the course of.
The most important aspect of the ecosystem that causes the canyon is often overlook or not appreciated. If it weren’t due to that desert climate within the area, there would have been none Grand Canyon. Rainfall caused slope erosion, and the stairs-step topography is long gone, as well as the distinctive carvings and multicolored rock formations.
The Painted Desert southeast of the canyon that runs along the Little Colorado River would be lost. The picturesque Monument Valley to the northeast close to the Utah State Line would be only a few hillocks with rounded edges https://sterlingks.org/.
Present And Past Biological Evolution
Terrestrial plants and fossils of animals are scarce among the rocks of the Grand Canyon’s sedimentary deposits as a result of the age of the rocks. Fossils typically belong to primitive algae, and include mollusks, trilobites, corals along with other types of invertebrates.
The animal life that inhabits the Grand Canyon area today, however, is diverse and abundant. Squirrels, coyotes, deer, foxes, badgers, bobcats, rabbits, chipmunks and kangaroo rats are common mammals. Furthermore, the area is home to a variety of bird species which include raptors like peregrine falcons and bald eagles and the rare California condor. Fish species include trout as well as in the Little Colorado River the uncommon Humpback Chub Gila cypha.
Plant life can also be diverse. At the bottom section of the canyons, temperatures during the summer can rise to 120 degrees 49 season. There are willows and cottonwoods, which require a lot of water during the growing season. Plants resistant to drought include tamarisks Agves, yuccas, and many species of cactus. There have been efforts to eradicate.
There are a few tamarisks stands that have become invasive. The canyon rims, both to the north and south there is an extensive range of vegetation. South Rim, which receives about 15 inches 380 millimeters of rain, is a mature pine forest with ponderosas, as well as scattered pine forests and the juniper.
The bush vegetation is mainly composed of scrub oak, Mountain mahogany large sagebrush, and large and large sagebrush. Along the North Rim, which receives 26 inches 660 millimeters of annual rainfall. In addition to white pine, ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, and aspen, it contains a forest oasis. In less optimal conditions, the plant life goes back to desert species.
History Cliff Dwelling Ruins Canyon
Numerous pueblo and cliff dwelling ruins and the accompanying artifacts that indicate the presence of prehistoric people. The first description of how it viewed by a European is attribute to the Francisco Coronado expedition in 1540. This is followed by the subsequent discovery by two Spanish priests, Francisco Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante in 1776. In the early 1800s, trappers looked into the canyon.
Various expeditions led by the U.S. government to explore and map the West began recording information on the canyon. The first time that we saw a boat drop into the canyon was in 1869. This was part of a trip to the region conducted by geologist and ethnographer John Wesley Powell. In the 1870s, Powell as well as others led subsequent expeditions to the area.
A part of the canyon declared a Grand Canyon Forest Reserve by the president. Benjamin Harrison in 1893. It was later designate as a game preserve 1903 as well as a national memorial 1908 by the president. Theodore Roosevelt before the U.S. Congress officially established Grand Canyon National Park in 1919. The park’s boundaries greatly expanded in 1975 with the expansion of adjacent federal and other land. In 1979, the park declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The three Indian reserves Navajo, Havasupai, and Hualapai are located near three reservations Navajo, Havasupai and Hualapai that Grand Canyon. Kaibab National Forest surrounds a major part of the national park in the south and north.
The Grand Canyon National Monument designated in 2000 is located to the north of the western part of the park. It extends westward until north of the Nevada boundary. Other public lands that border the comprise Pipe Spring, Rainbow Bridge Grand Staircase and Grand Staircase Escalante.
Kyoto is a city and the home of Kyoto Fu urban prefecture in west central Honshu Island Japan. It is situate about 30 miles or 50 kilometers east of the town of Osaka in the same region. It is around the same distance away from Nara, another old center of Japanese tradition.
A gentle sloping city, it sits at an elevation of 180ft 55 feet 55 meters above sea level. Kyoto is located in the middle of the Kinki Chiho region. Located near Kobe and Osaka, the city is also home to those nearby cities. Keihanshin Industrial Zone which is the second-largest urban and industrial area in Japan.
Kyoto literally, Capital City, was Japan’s capital for over 1000 years from 794 to 1868. It has been known by different names throughout the centuries, including Heian-Kyo Capital of Peace and Tranquility, Miyako the Capital, Saiko Western Capital, and Tokyo after the Meiji Restoration in 1868 when Japan’s Imperial household moved into Tokyo.
A growing popularity of Japanese culture in other countries is know as Sekai No Kyoto. This is in addition to Kyoto’s efforts to keep up with modern times. However, Kyoto is the centre of the traditional Japanese culture and Buddhism and also of high-end fabrics and Japanese items.
The passion that the Japanese people to their heritage and culture is reflect in their unique connection to Kyoto. A third of Japanese tourists travel to Kyoto every year, making it the city of dreams for all Japanese. A number of the ancient gardens and temples of Kyoto made an UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994. The area is 332 sq miles 828 square kilometers. Pop. 2020 1,463,723.
Human And Physical Geography Prefecture
The site chosen as a new capital city by Kammu the emperor. Kyoto established in 794 based on the plan from Chang’an modern Xi’an. The capital city of the Chinese Tang dynasty. It proposed a rectangular enclosure with grid-like streets, 3.2 miles 5.1 kilometers from north to south in the north and south.
As well as 2.8 miles 4.5 kilometers east-west. There the Imperial Palace, surrounded by the government’s buildings, situate in the city’s north central section. As per Chinese custom and tradition, care was exercised when the location was chosen to guard the northern edges.
This was because, according to myth, evil spirits could enter. So Hieizan Mount Hiei 2,782 feet 848 meters in the northwest and Atago-Yama Mount Atago 3,031 feet 924 meters in the northwest were considered natural guardians. Hiei-Zan was particularly famous during the 15th and 16th centuries, when warrior-monks of Tendai Zen Buddhist monastics racked the city and shaped the political landscape. It is believed that the Kamo and Katsura rivers.
Before joining the Yodo-gawa Yodo River to the south, were in turn, the initial eastern and western borders. Kyoto could not expand westward until World War II due to the hills in the east. Kyoto Prefecture is nestled in the hills of a saucer on three sides which open to the southwest towards Osaka.
Kyoto is at its most stunning in autumn and spring. In the rainy period June-July is about three to four weeks. temperatures are extremely hot and humid. The winter months bring two to three snowflakes and an intense chilling from below sokobie. The annual mean temperature in Kyoto is 59 degrees Fahrenheit 15 degrees Celsius. August has the most extreme monthly average of 80 degrees Fahrenheit 27 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature is 38 degrees 3 Celsius, which is in January. The average annual rainfall is 62.5 inches 1,574 millimeters.
The City’s Layout Prefecture
The grid pattern that was originally use for the streets has been preserve. Numerous avenues are located both west and east, Shijo-dori Fourth Street being the most crowded. Karasuma-dori, which runs north from to the Japanese National Railways station divides the city roughly in two halves.
It is under it that runs two lines of the subway system in the municipal area. The second, more modern line which completed in 1997 begins at JR Nijo station to Daigo. JR Nijo station in the west of the city, towards the east, and finally to Daigo to the southeast within the city.
Kyoto is the very first place in Japan that had electrical streetcars starting in 1895 which eventually made it necessary to increase. The width of the main thoroughfares in order to make room for city-wide service.
Kyoto’s People Prefecture
Kyoto is among the biggest cities of Japan. The city’s population which includes a significant foreign group consisting of mostly Koreans many relocated forcibly through World War II, Chinese and Americans-has been relatively stable over a number of years.
The majority of residents reside in the central districts however, more and more residents are moving out to the suburbs and outlying regions. The most pressing issue on the agenda of the municipal government has been the need to integrate those thousands of Burakumin.
These are the historical group of outcasts that live in isolated communities within the city. This is a persistent social issue, particularly in the older cities of western Japan especially Kyoto Prefecture, Osaka as well as Kobe. Even though the most discriminatory lawful barriers lifted in 1969, both occupational and social advancement has been slow.
History Of Kyoto
Kyoto as the capital of Japan is establishe in 794. However, the region was first settled through Korean people who brought along the techniques of sericulture and silk weaving. As mentioned above the city of Kyoto plan to be located between two rivers, the Katsura and the Kamo rivers. However, it soon grew beyond the eastern bank of the Kamo.
The strong Fujiwara family was the dominant force during the city during the Heian time. As a result of excessive Buddhist influence in the former capital city of Nara, the state relocated from Nagaoka and later to Kyoto, where Buddhist temples were forbidden. In a notable alternative, Rashomon, the great southern gateway, was surrounded by To-ji to East and Sai-ji on the west. Sai-ji was only a short time in existence, however the impressive five-tiered To-ji pagoda is a landmark of a different kind.
After the rise of the Tokugawa Shogunate at the beginning of the seventeenth century the center of power moved again from Tokyo, this time to Edo modern Tokyo. Tokyo was the new capital. Imperial courts left alone to fulfill its ceremonial duties and access to it was closely check.
After that, the court of Matthew Perry in 1853 and the fall of the Tokugawa, Kyoto was once again a focal point. The Nijo-jo of 1867 was the moment when the final Tokugawa Shogun finally returned his responsibilities to the Imperial court to fulfill his authority to govern the nation. This was because it was the first time for nearly 200 years that the ruling Tokugawa had stepped foot in Kyoto.